are of course vital to the production
of beer, and at Wolf Brewery we seek out the best available as
close as possible.
has been developed from a wild plant as
ancient as history itself. Originally it was used medicinally
in ancient egypt, accoring to heiroglyphics.Europeans later used
it to treat liver complaints, of all things.The national hop association
of england (NHAE) kindly allowed us to reptint this history of
hops here, take a look at thier website for more interesting hop
|Find out more about hops on this brilliantly
Ancient picture of Hop-pickers
reference to hops is a document by the Abbot Adalhard of Corvey
(Westphalia, Germany) releasing the millers from their duty of gathering
hops and malt. Despite this early reference, hops did not come into
general use in brewing until the end of the 15th Century, at which
time the brewing techniques used in Flanders found their way to
Growing Locally for Wolf Brewery
The presence of hops in beer was accused of stirring up
Jack Cade, a Kent man with the alias 'john Mortimer', to launch
his ill-fated rebellion against corruption. Despite his hop- inspired
victory over government forces at Sevenoaks and his alias's subsequent
pardon from King Henry VI, this did not save Cade from being hunted
down in his own name and mortally wounded by the Sheriff of Kent.
London hop pickers 194020's
| The weavers of Flanders settled in Kent to take advantage
of that county's prosperous wool industry and brought with them new
varieties of hops and the knowledge of how to use them effectively
in beer. Several centuries passed between the introduction of hops
into England and their acceptance in standard brewing technique.
| such as Burton Ale, which have been famous since the 13th
Century, were still brewed without hops at the time of Henry VIII.
‘Ale’ at that time denoted strong, sweet brews of malted
barley flavours with spices , herbs and bark of trees. The more recent
drink of ‘beer’, which Henry VIII effectively outlawed
by banning the use of hops in brewing, remained in abeyance until
his son, Edward VI, passed special legislation in 1552 to permit the
use of hops again by British brewers.
Duty was imposed on hops for the first time and bittering
materials other than hops were excluded. Smuggling of hops became
a valuable pastime.
| An Act was passed requiring the 'pockets' in which the hops
were packed to be stencilled with the hop-grower's name, the year
and where grown. At about this time, the famous English Golding hop
was developed and greater emphasis was being placed on individual
The area of hops under cultivation was almost 72,000 acres
(29,000 hectares) with a host of new varieties being developed including
the celebrated Fuggle, which was introduced as a commercial variety
by Mr Richard Fuggle in 1875. Hops were grown in 53 counties including
eight in Wales and five in Scotland as far north as Aberdeen.
Sackwoman and London Hop pickers Photographs courtesy of the Rural
History Centre, University
The Hops Marketing Board was introduced to exercise statutory
control and ensure a sheltered, if unrealistic, market for producers
However, in 1982 EC rules led to the disbanding of the Board and
the introduction of independent Producer Groups for the marketing
of English grown hops.
| Back to Brewery
Mobile hop picking machinery is made available to English hop
growers. England introduces 'dwarf' hops, developed by HRI at
Wye with funding from England's hop growers and MAFF. 2001 AD
In England, 150 hop farmers grow hops in a total of 1,974 hectares,
spread across Hereford, Worcester, Oxfordshire, Hampshire and
the South East.
Text with kind permission of the National Hops association of